Rabies is mainly a disease of animals. Humans get rabies when they are bitten by infected animals - most commonly a dog, cat, monkey or bat. It is an acute disease that causes a potentially lethal inflammation of the spinal cord and the brain known as encephalomyelitis.
The statistic of rabies incidence of human and animal rabies cases occurred in 2014 and 2015. This resulted in three reported human fatalities due to rabies in 2014 and 15 human deaths from rabies in 2015, the report confirmed animal rabies cases increased to 529 in 2015
Rabies affects both domestic and wild animals and spread to people usually via saliva, bites and scratches of an infected animal. The transmission is usually through a bite wound, but the disease has been known to spread through a scratch or an existing open wound.
The incubation period (the period of time between exposure to a disease and the onset of clinical signs) for rabies can vary greatly. The typical incubation period is three to eight weeks but it can be as little as nine days or as long as several years in some rare cases. The incubation period depends on several factors, including the location of the entry wound, the severity of the wound and the animas immune system. In general, the farther the wound is from the brain, the longer the incubation period will be occurring.
Rabies has no symptoms right away. In Incubation period, Rabies can lay dormant in your body for 1 to 3 months. Symptoms will appear once the virus travels through your central nervous system and hits your brain.
The first symptom is fever. You might feel generally tired or weak. You may feel pain, tingling or burning at the site of the wound.
As the virus spreads through your central nervous system, you will developmore severe symptoms such as inability to sleep (insomnia), anxiety, confusion, being easily agitated, salivating more than usual and difficulty swallowing. Once these symptoms occur, rabies is almost always fatal.
The tips below might help you to prevent the risk of rabies
The vaccine is always successful if it is given immediately after exposure.
You will get one dose of fast-acting rabies immune globulin, which will prevent you from getting infected by the virus (you will get four rabies vaccine shots over the next 14 days).
If you are pregnant, rabies shots are safe for you and your baby.
Do not worry, rabies Vaccination (Verorab) available in Bali and you will get it easily with the health center below: