What is tension headache?
Tension type headache is the most common form of headache. However, most subjects with acute tension type headache never consult the doctor.
SYMPTOMS OF TENSION HEADACHE
A few common varieties of headaches are:
It may be experienced as a tight band or pain around your head, a dull ache or pressure, may be triggered by stress, neck strain, missed meals, depression, and anxiety.
It may occur more than 15 days a month (in Chronic condition) lastfrom 30 minutes to a week.
There are no diagnostic tests to confirm tension-type headache. Diagnosis is accomplished by reviewing the patient`s personal and family medical history, studying their symptoms, and conducting an examination. Because of the association of tension-type headache-like symptoms with secondary headaches (due to an underlying cause or condition), doctors should consider the possibility of a secondary headache disorder when people present with presumed tension-type headache. This is particularly important if someone develops new/different headaches or has progressive headaches that are increasing in frequency. Examples of secondary causes include medication overuse or structural brain lesions.
At times, it can be difficult to distinguish between tension-type headache and a migraine attack. Tension-type headache is not made worse by physical activity. It is not accompanied by vomiting, and if nausea is present, it is mild. A migraine attack may be accompanied by increased sensitivity to both light and sound; one or neither accompanies tension-type headache. It is, however, possible for a tension-type headache to trigger a migraine attack.
Most intermittent tension-type headache are easily treated with over-the counter medications including Aspirin, Ibuprofen &Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). Daily prescription medications, including tricyclic, antidepressants may manage tension-type headaches. Medications combined with behavior therapies may be more effective.
Alternatives therapies aimed at stress reduction may help include:
Seek the emergency evaluation if you experience:
These symptoms suggest a more serious underlying condition, so it is important to get a prompt diagnosis and treatment
Depending on symptoms and precipitation factors, prevention of tension headache includes: