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International Global Health Blog

Let`s learn more about Depression

International Global Health


When you are feeling overwhelmed, frustrated and depressed, sadness can overtake for weeks or even months!

Depression is different from feeling down or sad. When you experience depression, you feel intense emotions of anxiety, hopelessness, helplessness and negative thoughts.

Depression is a real mental illness with real symptoms. Depression is not a sign of weakness.

 

Facts

The causes of depression are not fully understood but are likely to be a complex combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychosocial factors.

Depression is different from the fluctuations in mood that people experience as a part of normal life. Temporary emotional responses to the challenges of everyday life do not constitute depression.

 

Symptoms

Depression symptoms range from mild to severe as follows:

  • Feeling sad or having a depressed mood
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
  • Changes in appetite — weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Loss of energy or increased fatigue
  • Increase in purposeless physical activity (e.g., hand-wringing or pacing) or slowed movements and speech (actions observable by others)
  • Feeling worthless or guilty
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Symptoms must last at least two weeks for a diagnosis of depression

 

Is Depression manageable?

If you are one of the millions of people living with depression, there is something you can do to feel better. Participating in a self-management education (SME) program can help you to manage depression and take control of symptoms such as depressed mood, anxiety, tiredness, and appetite changes.

The sooner you see a doctor, the sooner you can be on the way to recovery

 

Treatment

Depression is a treatable mental illness. There are three components to the management of depression:

  • Support; ranging from discussing practical solutions and contributing stresses, to educating family members.
  • Psychotherapy; also known as talking therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
  • Medication: specifically antidepressants.

If you have mild depression, your doctor may suggest you to see whether it improves on it is own while monitoring your progress.

 

Tips

Exercise may help against mild depression since it raises endorphin levels and stimulates the neurotransmitter norepinephrinewhich is related to your mood.

Brain stimulation therapies including electroconvulsive therapy - are also used in depression. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation sends magnetic pulses to the brain and may be effective in major depressive disorder.

Counseling also gives you the chance to talk everyday about their issues that may be causing depression and to develop strategies to solving them…

Joining a support group is also worthwhile. They can help you gain a better understanding about what causes you to feel depressed. Sharing your stories/experiences with other can be very supportive.

 

References:

NHS

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC )

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases ( NFID )

Web MD

Health Line

Medical News Today



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